Low Blood Pressure: Causes, Symptoms and Prevention
Do you know? Hypotension also knew as low blood pressure under this condition blood pressure in the arteries gets abnormally low. And even in some cases, the blood pressure gets so, low that it fails to reach all the body organs, resulting in lightheadedness, dizziness and even fainting too.
The normal reading level for blood pressure is more than 120 over 80 but less than 140 over 90 (120/80-140/90). The higher of the two is the measure of systolic pressure, which defines that the pressure in the arteries when the heart beats and fills them with blood. The second number measures diastolic pressure, which means the pressure in the arteries when the heart rests between beats. If either number is below the ideal reading level, your pressure is lower than normal.
Low Blood Pressure Causes
One the major cause of the low blood pressure can be Dehydration, Inappropriate water in the body can cause weakness, fatigue and dizziness and thus, can lead to a drop in the blood pressure level.
Cardiovascular problems, A few heart conditions can also lead to low blood pressure. In some scenarios, the condition can get worse and cause low heart rate (bradycardia), heart valve problems, heart attack and even heart failure.
Loss of blood: In case of a major injury which causes blood loss or internal bleeding, one may experience low blood pressure.
The signs and symptoms of low blood pressure are as follows:
- Fainting in case of syncope
- Lack of concentration
-Dizziness or lightheadedness
However, extreme hypotension can result in a life-threatening situation. The signs and symptoms of this condition include:
- Rapid pulse rate
-Feeling of confusion, which mainly occurs in elderly people
- Pale skin colour
- Rapid, shallow breathing
Prevention of low blood pressure
- Drink lots of fluids.
- Avoid alcoholic beverages.
- During hot weather and sickness, increase water intake.
- Avoid over-the-counter medications until you consult an expert. Exercise regularly to promote normal blood flow.
- Be careful when you get up from your sleep. Also, if you have been experiencing low blood pressure, be careful while standing up.
-To improve circulation, pump your feet and ankles a few times before standing up. Avoid heavy lifting.
-Prefer a diet higher in salt.
-Avoid prolonged exposure to hot water, such as hot showers and spas.
-To avoid problems with low blood pressure and lessen episodes of dizziness after meals, try eating smaller, more frequent meals.
-Cut back on carbohydrates.
-Rest after eating.