India introduces ₹20 denomination coin in the shape of a dodecagon
The new series of coins have only been unveiled and are not in circulation yet. The obverse or the front face of the ₹20 coin will display the Lion Capital of Ashoka Pillar along with the inscription, ‘Satyameva Jayate’ below in Hindi | Photo on the left by Ramesh Pathania/Mint via Getty Images
This new series comprising denominations of ₹1, ₹2, ₹5, ₹10, and ₹20, designed by the National Institute of Design, Ahmedabad, will aid the visually-impaired through its thoughtful design. As per the notification issued by the Ministry of Finance, apart from the ₹20 coin, which will be a 12-sided polygon (a dodecagon), the rest of the coins will be circular in shape. The coins of these new series will see an increase in the weight and size from the lower to the higher denominations respectively, barring the ₹10 and ₹20 coins, which differ in weight and shape but will both be 27mm in size.
New ₹20 Coin: 12-Sided Dodecagon
Similar to the 10 rupee coin, the 20 rupee coin will constitute an outer ring and a centrepiece. The composition of the outer ring of ₹20 coin will comprise 65% copper, 15% zinc and 20% nickel, while the centrepiece will contain 75% copper, 20% zinc and 5% nickel. This coin of 27mm diameter, weighing 8.54 grams will constitute some distinct features. The obverse or the front face of the coin will display the lion capital of Ashoka Pillar along with the inscription of ‘Satyameva Jayate’ below in Hindi.
New ₹20 Coin: Symbol of Agriculture
The left periphery will contain the word ‘Bharat’ in Hindi and the right periphery will contain the word ‘INDIA’ in English. The reverse face of the coin will display the denominational value of ‘20’ in international numerals along with the Rupee symbol above it. Emphasizing the agricultural supremacy of our country, the left periphery of this face will contain the design of grains, while the top right and bottom right peripheries will display the word ‘Bees Rupaye’ in Hindi and ‘TWENTY RUPEES’ in English. The centre of the left periphery of this face will also contain the year of minting in international numerals.
Coins Made of Zinc, Nickel, Copper
The 1 and 2 rupee coins will be similar in terms of their circular shape and their composition of 83% Iron and 17% Chromium but will differ in terms of their diameters with the 1 rupee coin being 20mm and the 2 rupee coin being 23 mm and the 2 rupee coin containing 50 wider serrations on its edge.
The 5 rupee coin will be 25mm in diameter and will contain 75% Copper, 20% Zinc and 5% Nickel. The 10 rupee coin, with a diameter of 27mm and 100 serrations on its edge will contain an outer ring and a centre piece. The outer ring will contain 75% Copper, 20% Zinc and 5% Nickel as opposed to the centre piece that will contain 65% Copper, 15% Zinc and 20% Nickel.Photo Caption: Collection of antique rare coins on sale in Kolkata | Photo by Nasir Kachroo / NurPhoto via Getty Images
New ₹20 Coin: Lion Capital of Ashokan Pillar
Erected by Mauryan Emperor Ashoka in the 3rd century BCE, the lion capital of Ashoka Pillar stands at 2.31 metres and has inspired the country’s national emblem, which was adopted in 1950. The lion capital depicts four lions seated back to back on a circular abacus. The abacus features a horse, a lion, a bull, and an elephant carved into it and the space between each pair of animals displays a wheel with 24 spokes. An inverted lotus sits at the bottom of the capital.
Originally situated atop the Ashokan Pillar in Sarnath, an important Buddhist site in Uttar Pradesh, this lion capital made of sandstone and defined by the distinct Mauryan polish, is now housed at the Archaeological Museum of Sarnath. The lion capital of Ashoka Pillar, therefore, doesn’t simply hold historic significance but is greatly relevant in the present day scenario as well.
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